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Home » Florida – Who We Are

Florida – Who We Are

Quick facts

  • Nickname: Sunshine State
  • State Capital: Tallahassee
  • Date of Statehood: March 3, 1845
  • State Bird: Mockingbird
  • State Flower: Orange Blossom
  • State Tree: Sabal Palmetto Palm
  • State Song: Suwannee River
  • State Shell: The Horse Conch
  • State Freshwater Fish: Florida Largemouth Bass
  • State Saltwater Fish: The Sailfish
  • State Animal: The Florida Panther
  • State Saltwater Mammal: The Manatee
  • State Reptile: Alligator
  • State Stone: Agatized Coral
  • State Beverage: Orange Juice

Geographical facts

  • Total Area: 58,560 square miles
  • Total land area: 54,136 square miles
  • Total water area: 4,424 square miles
  • Rank among states in total area: 22nd
  • Length north and south: 447 miles (St. Marys River to Key West)
  • Width east and west: 361 miles (Atlantic Ocean to Perdido River)
  • Distance from Pensacola to Key West: 792 miles (by road)
  • Highest Natural Point: 345 feet
  • Geographic Center: 12 miles northwest of Brooksville, Hernando County
  • Coastline: 1,197 statute miles
  • Tidal shoreline (general): 2,276 statute miles
  • Beaches: 663 miles
  • Longest River: St. Johns, 273 miles
  • Largest Lake: Lake Okeechobee, 700 square miles
  • Largest county: Palm Beach, 2,578 square miles
  • Smallest county: Union, 245 square miles
  • # of lakes (greater than 10 acres): about 7,700
  • # of first-magnitude springs: 33
  • # of islands (greater than 10 acres): about 4,500

Historical facts

  • First permanent European settlement: 1565, St. Augustine, by Spain
  • Acquired from Spain as U.S. Territory: 1821
  • Admitted as 27th state of the U.S.: March 3, 1845

Current facts

  • Population 2020 (estimate): 20,216,600 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2015 (estimate): 19,421,200 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2012 (estimate): 19,074,434 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2010 (estimate): 18,801,310 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2000 (estimate): 15,982,378
  • Population 1990 (estimate): 12,937,926
  • Population growth 2010-2015 (est): 3.3%
  • Population growth 2000-2010 (est): 17.6%
  • Most populous metro area 2012: Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Pompano Beach: 5,657,804 (estimate: Ranked 8th in the US)
  • Most populous metro area 2010: Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Pompano Beach: 5,564,635
  • Most populous County 2020: Miami-Dade County: 2,722,900 (estimate)
  • Most populous County 2015: Miami-Dade County: 2,600,900 (estimate)
  • Most populous County 2010: Miami-Dade County: 2,496,435 (estimate)
  • Number of counties: 67
  • Form of government: Governor & cabinet consisting of Attorney Gen., Chief Financial Officer & Commissioner of Agriculture
  • State sales tax: 6%
  • State income tax: None
  • Legislature: 120 house districts, 40 senate districts, 25 congressional districts

 

Sources:
US Census Bureau
Florida Department of State
The Florida Handbook, Allen Morris. © 2003.
Florida Statistical Abstract, 2012